National Subsets: Turkey

Moral Contours

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Military Strength + Weapons Exports

Religion

Sustainable Development

Historical figures

al-FARABI, Abu Nasr
870 - 950
Turkey
PHILOSOPHY, RELIGION

 

Known within Islam as the 'Second Teacher' after Aristotle, he argued for the complementarity of philosophy and religion. From his early background in Turkey, he moved to Baghdad in Iraq and then Damascus in Syria. Drawing on both pre-Muslim and Muslim scholars he reasoned that God is known from serious thinking and analysis as well as from special revelation. Political rulers needed to combine the authority of both philosopher and prophet. Behind the surface of cultural and religious pluralism may lie a deeper commonality. Music and mathematics are to be celebrated.

Life

http://www.famousscientists.org/abu-nasr-al-farabi

http://www.muslimphilosophy.com/ip/rep/H021.htm

Writings

Excerpts http://www.truthport.net/alfarabien.html

Overview of works http://www.sacred-texts.com/isl/palf/palf03.htm

 

 

RUMI, Jalal al-Din
1207 - 1273
Iran Turkey
LITERATURE, RELIGION

 

Best known mystic and poet of Islam and founder of its Sufi tradition (the Mevlevi Order). Love for God and the whole of life is central for him and expressed in poetry, music and dance. A glowing heart and inward eye is at the centre of moral education. It finds expression in daily experience and the refined expression of poems and of circular ‘whirling dirvish’ dancing.

Current expertise

assoc. prof., Turkey
Contact Information:

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