National Subsets: Senegal
Military Strength + Weapons Exports
SENGHOR, Leopold Sedar
1906 - 2001
Leopold S Senghor was a Senegalese writer and politician. Building on his colonial experience of French education, he extended his academic studies in philosophy and the social sciences in France. As well as finding his pen as a poet during these years, he helped formulate the notion of Negritude, affirming the positive in being black. Two years in a German concentration camp further deepened his reflections. He returned to his home country in 1948, becoming politically active to help build a distinctive sense of national independence, at once French and African in culture. Both before and after he became President of the independent Senagal, he promoted black self-awareness and sense of communal belonging as educationally central to a reforming social economic programme.