National Subsets: Myanmar

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Historical figures

U NU
1907 - 1995
Burma / Myanmar
POLITICS, RELIGION

 

Socialist Prime Minister throughout most of the 1948 – 62 period; his political thinking was principally informed by Buddhist beliefs. He understood these as promoting a sense of mutual responsibility across the nation; Buddhism became the state religion. The notion of the state supporting religion was a modern translation of the tradition of the interdependence between king and sangha – the wider community. Following his political overthrow in a coup he first endured 7 years imprisonment and 11 years exile, before settling back in in his homeland as a monk. 

Video

U Nu speaking about Buddhism (12 mins) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bGKdUJoah6Y

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U THANT
1909 - 1974
Burma / Myanmar United States
POLITICS

 

From a Burmese Buddhist background, as a teacher he became active in national politics. He had senior ministerial roles including responsibility for Education and subsequently as Ambassador to the UN. He became Secretary General of the United Nations following Dag Hammarskjold’s death. He held that position 1961 – 71 coincidental with the UN’s Development Decade. Mediation in conflict situations and global equity were his evident priorities throughout.

U Thant, third UN Secretary General (2 mins) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H2nwvLUSPaU

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