National Subsets: Cyprus

Moral Contours




Military Strength + Weapons Exports


Sustainable Development

Historical figures

ZENO of Citium
334 - 262BCE

Founding figure in Stoic philosophy. His life and teaching is known principally from the Diogenes Laertius' Lives of Greek Philosophers (10 books). Moving to the Greek mainland (following shipwreck?), he is said to have been excited by the atmosphere of philosophical debate in Athens, especially taking place on the open walkway/colonnade of the Stoa. His distinctive approach was a matter of fact acceptance of the given-ness of life in a universe which is far from chaotic. Recognition of the rational order of nature is the way to achieving virtue and goodness; immorality is the result of unreason.


Surviving extracts including "Why we have two ears and only one mouth is so we may listen the more and talk the less.*

Current expertise

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