National Contours for Moral Education: Iraq

Moral Contours

General

Economy

Education

Health

Human Rights

Military Strength + Weapons Exports

Religion

Sustainable Development

Historical figures

ABRAHAM
c2000-1600BCE
Mesopotamia/Iraq
RELIGION

Historical 'patriarch' prized by Jews, Christian and Muslims as a key figure in their respective religious traditions (hence their grouping as 'Abrahamic'). According to Biblical tradition (Genesis 12-25) it was under his leadership that the move to Canaan took place and the covenant marked by circumcision was established. In Jewish tradition, both written and oral, he is continually invoked as a prototype of faith that will sacrifice everything to be true to God. In Christianity he is also seen as exemplifying faith. In Islam, he is called Ibrahim in the Qur'an. He is a prophetic originator of faith in one God with worship centred on the Ka'ba, the faith which Muhammad is believed to have restored to its true integrity centuries later.

Life and representation

http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/judaism/history/abraham_1.shtml

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/abraham.html

http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01051a.htm

http://www.islamicity.com/mosque/ibrahim.htm

GILGAMESH
c 2750 bce
Mesopotamia / Iraq
LITERATURE, RELIGION

 

The ideal heroic king of ancient Mesopotamian society. His story is best known in the form of the Gilgamesh Epic dating from c 1200 BCE. It tells of a search for wisdom and the building of a city, and includes the threat from a great flood, the promise of living for ever and the threat to this via a snake. Some link with the Eden and Flood stories of Genesis is highly probable

 Life

Works

HAMMURABI
1728 - 1686 BCE
Iraq
POLITICS

 

One of the earliest rulers about whom there is much historical documentation. He was known as a builder and lawmaker, working to create harmony in a context of competing social diversity. The Code of Hammurabi was produced as a template for such and was remarkable in itself and for its wider impact on succeeding cultures of the ancient Near East, probably including Israel.

 

Life

Works

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