Historical Who is Who
1694 - 1778
'Voltaire' is the pseudonym of Francois-Marie Arouet. He was hugely independent minded in ways which challenged the established authorities of royalty and the Roman Catholic Church, he expressed his views in a plethora of plays, philosophical treatises, and political satire. He continued with his learning and writing during periods of exile in both Switzerland and England. The principle of the freedom of belief and speech is fundamental to all he wrote.