Historical Who is Who


1901 - 1987


As a young man Muhammad Sumohadiwidjo was an active Muslim. At the age of 24 he had a profoundly shaking (physically and mentally) experience which led him to inaugurate the community of Subud. The word subud is itself an acronym of susila, buddhi and dharma – collated as ‘right living, with every part awakened, in accord with God’.   Open to people of any religious background, it became an international association, democratically ordered, and designed to enliven integrity in personal and professional life. Followers use the Javanese word ‘bapak’ (meaning respected sir/father) to refer to him; its apparent similarity to  ‘Barack’ is the basis for the spurious claims about Obama’s parentage.

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