Historical Who is Who

NINOMIYA, S

1787 - 1856
JAPAN
PHILOSOPHY, SOCIAL SCIENCE

Publicly acclaimed social reformer who presented agricultural initiative as the model for individual and social development. He founded the Hotoku (‘repaying virtue’) movement which combined the disciplines of hard work, thrift, and serving the interests of others, including the creastion of local credit unions. It was grounded in good farming practice with measured use of fertilisers and  drew on both Buddhist and Confucian tradition, the former in valuing filial piety and manual labour, the latter in care for others.  

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