Historical Who is Who
1632 - 1704
English empirical philosopher and advocate of liberal democracy. Politically active in England but fleeing to France and Holland in the mid 1670s and 80s for safety. He rejected patriarchy and the Divine Right of Kings, arguing instead for God-given natural rights which might serve as a basis for challenging those in authority who were abusing it. This argument was used in both the French and American revolutions. He set out a strong case for toleration as also for the importance of the education of children – in families and publicly.