Historical Who is Who
c740 - 681 BCE
Prophetic figure, who like Amos and Hosea before him, felt called by God to challenge the corruption in contemporary leadership and society in Judah (the southern kingdom). These moral failings will have catastrophic consequences for the future of the entire nations. The focus of his critique and its force reveal why religion and politics are congenitally intertwined – ethics are at their heart. He and the book which takes his name feature in the Jewish scriptures – Tenak and Christian Old Testament, and he is also known as the prophet Sha’ya in Islam. Scholars generally take the view that the book of Isaiah as it presently appears in the Bible derives from three historical phases – the first (chapters 1 – 39) as described, the second (chs 40 – 55) in the exile period after the fall of Jerusalem in 586BCE and the third (chs 56 – 66) after the return from exile.