Digest of terms
this may be understood as one component in the overall process of moral education or as its totality. The emphasis is on enabling students to recognise and understand the values and issues involved in their application to any given ethical dilemma. It asks such questions as who are the persons involved, how would they be affected by one action rather than another or others, what might be considered 'right' in the circumstances and why? One of its main priorities is encouraging the participants to identify and think through for themselves the beliefs and values which are involved. They do this by reasoning with others as they together try to arrive at an agreed conclusion or in the absence of such to understand why they disagree. Depending on the views articulated by those taking part in the classroom exercise it may or may not be the case that they include effective representation of more than one or two authoritative ethical perspectives. For that reason, critics insist that however important it is in and of itself as a component of moral education, it deserves to be complemented by others.