Digest of terms
the process by which decisions are taken regarding the allocation of limited resources in a context of competing needs. The term emerged in the course of French hospital treatment of those wounded in the course of World War 1, and has come into general medical usage, whether in local emergency situations or wider health challenges. Several systems for scoring and computing the best options have been developed both nationally and internationally; they use points to score such elements as the relative threat to health, survival prospects, cost and age-relatedness. Latterly it has been extended to issues of economic distribution and assessing fatality risks to combatants arising from the deployment of different forms of weaponry, including drones. In moral education, in a professional or any other setting, it relates to both the basic capacity for weighing potential consequences and awareness of moral principles.