Digest of terms


taken positively, it is akin to self-respect, by which due regard is given to personal standing and achievement. Viewed negatively, pride involves disproportionate preoccupation with one's own appearance and achievements in comparison to others', and is thus akin to arrogance. It is sometimes represented by the preening vanity of the peacock. Because of the tendency to take the self too seriously, it does not like criticism and is especially vulnerable to humour. In Christianity its negative aspects have been taken particularly seriously as reflected in its traditional status as one of the Seven Deadly Sins, its selfish exclusivity being seen as threatening to shut out not only love for neighbour but also love for God.

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