Digest of terms
the opposite of truth-telling and practice of deliberate deception. Though widely disapproved across civilisations and cultures, some degree of deception is also very common and reflected in the notions of 'half-truth' and 'white-lie'. These may be motivated by a desire to avoid hurting the feelings of one who would be shocked by 'the absolute truth'. They may also be found sales-talk and advertisement in the interests of maximising commercial success. Whilst lying is usually talked of as involving what is said or done to another, it can also be detected in the human capacity to self-deceive, as in regard to 'not facing up to reality. Capacity to distinguish what's true and what's false is a desirable ingredient in the process of moral education.