Digest of terms
tradition of ethical theory derived from Aristotle and currently being revived under the label of virtue ethics. 'Eudaimonia' may be translated as 'flourishing' or 'happiness', but the latter is misleading if it is taken in the sense of Utilitarian ethics. In Utilitarianism actions are judged to be good in so far as they conduce to pleasure; in eudaimonism actions are found to be pleasing in so far as they are good. Their goodness is judged independently in terms of their contribution to the proper flourishing of human nature and to the practice of the virtues appropriate to such human fulfillment.