Digest of terms
literally referring to the whole inhabited earth (so in the New Testament). Applied specifically within the Christian tradition to a) in Eastern Orthodoxy to the Patriarch of Constantinople, and b) 20th century efforts to bring the many splintered denomination churches and sects into greater unity, culminating in the formation of the World Council of Churches in 1948. Based in Geneva the WCC includes
Protestant and Orthodox Churches in its membership, but not the Roman Catholic Church. One of the main priorities of the WCC is peace and social justice; the full range is set out on its website: http://www.oikoumene.org.