Digest of terms
curriculum programme designed to equip (usually) children and young people for the adult role of citizens. The mode of teaching and learning involved often involves inductive training which may include anthem singing and symbolic flags. In a liberal democratic setting priority is also given to enabling students to develop the knowledge and understanding, skills and confidence to become active and responsible participants in society. The relationship between the patriotism of national citizenship and the loyalty of global citizenship may well be tense. Which, and in what circumstances, 'trumps' the other?